UIA - Utilities Intermediaries Association



Useful tips and questions to ask

Before deciding on whether to involve a third party or to approach the market yourself, ask yourself these pertinent questions:

  • Do I really have the time required to do a thorough job
  • Is energy a large part of my cost base or could I be usefully employed running my core business.
  • Do I have the in-depth knowledge to make a cost effective deal
  • If the deal goes wrong would I know how to get it back on track

Whether you decide to do-it yourself or use a third party

BEFORE entering into any agreement ask the following:

  1. What is the charge per unit and what other charges are involved?
  2. Can the price I pay for energy change during the life of the contract? If so what elements of the price can change, when and how will you tell me?
  3. What happens at the end of my contract or the fixed-term period if I stay with you as my supplier? What happens if I do not renew with you and what do I need to do if I want to leave you? (most of this should be given to you by the supplier on your renewal notice)

  4. What is the duration of this contract?
  5. What do I have to do if I want to end the contract early?
  6. How and when do I contact you if I want to switch energy supplier and in what circumstances can you stop me switching to another energy supplier?
  7. Who can I contact to find out more information about my contract and what information will they need from me to look up these details?
  8. Under what circumstances can my energy supply be cut off and what notification would I receive and what procedures must be followed?
  9. What options are available regarding payment terms? Note: If you are paying by DD double check with your supplier that monthly repayments are calculated to cover not only your usage but the complete bill.
  10. Am I committed to a minimum or maximum volume and if so what charges can be incurred in relation to this?

Protections applicable for micro-businesses

For these purposes a micro business is defined as a business that:

  1. has less than 10 employees or full time equivalent and a turnover, or balance sheet total of less than €2 million p.a.
  2. uses less than 293,000 kWh of gas p.a.
  3. uses less than 100,000 kWh of electricity p.a.

Anyone falling into this category has the right to use the Energy Ombudsman scheme

Micro Business Protections SLC7a and 7b

  • Before you enter an energy contract your supplier must explain the key terms and conditions to you, this applies to contracts agreed on the phone or in person
  • Within 10 days of you signing a contract you should receive written copies of the contract with full terms and conditions including renewal terms
  • If your contract is fixed for a period of time (for example 12 months) you can notify your supplier at any time during your contract that you do not wish to roll over the contract and you wish to terminate at the end of the contract but you will need to remember to make a new one before the existing one expires
  • A supplier is expected to treat the micro business customer fairly and must not significantly favour the interests of the licensee or give rise to a likelihood of detriment to the Micro Business Consumer
  • The licensee should behave and carry out any actions in a fair, honest, transparent, appropriate and professional manner;
  • The licensee should provide information (whether in Writing or orally) to each Micro Business Consumer which:
    1. is complete, accurate and not misleading (in terms of the information provided or omitted);
    2. is communicated (and, if provided in Writing, drafted) in plain and intelligible language;
    3. relates to products or services which are appropriate to the Micro Business Consumer to whom it is directed; and
    4. is otherwise Fair both in terms of its content and in terms of how it is presented (with more important information being given appropriate prominence);

When your contract ends

  • Around 60 days before the end of your contract your supplier must send you a letter outlining the key contract renewal terms, this will include information on the new prices you may pay – including what will happen if you take no action and what will happen if you do not want to renew your contract
  • Once you have received your statement of renewal terms you have 30 days in which to contact your supplier and tell them you would like to negotiate a new contract or change to another energy supplier
  • Once you have notified your supplier you would like to negotiate a new deal your supplier will then offer you new contracts, one of these contract must be valid for the duration of the 30 day period
  • If you do not tell your supplier you want to renegotiate your contract or change supplier within this 30 day period your existing contract terms can only be rolled over for a further 12 months

Even if you are called by a broker they must still adhere to the suppliers responsibilities for micro-business as above


When you change addresses, or take on a new business you are particularly vulnerable to incessant and/or aggressive tactics from call centres selling energy.

The reality is that you will be on expensive rates because you will be on a deemed contract with your existing supplier which allows you to change your supplier at any time. Taking a few days to research and make a decision will not be as expensive as being frightened into a long term expensive contract.

If you are going to enter into telephone contracts (remembering that these are legally binding) some key facts to be confirmed UP FRONT and BEFORE entering into any agreement are:

  1. Obtain the caller's name, company and contact details getting them to spell out unusual names and always repeat the telephone number they have given you back to them. Tell them you will call them back, which is a good way of validating the above details. It will also give you time to think

  2. If they state that they are representing ALL SUPPLIERS ask SPECIFICALLY which supplier(s) they are representing. In addition, ask the details of the callers contact at that supplier. Note: it is almost unheard in today’s markets that any one company could represent all suppliers!

  3. THE CONTRACT - the questions

    1. How much does it cost PER UNIT?
    2. How long does the contract run? (beware of contracts with no end date)
    3. How do I end/cancel the contract?
    4. Can I have a copy of what has just been agreed?

The most important thing to remember is that you can record calls on most laptops and pc's and should familiarise yourself with how to if you intend to enter into a verbal contract. You will then have the ENTIRE conversation on record as proof of what was said


Always be streetwise when looking at switching sites, don't be lulled into a false sense of security by titles containing "advice" "help", "cheaper" "bargain" etc. these are still businesses who intend to make a profit.

Always look to see how many suppliers a site deals with

Always be aware that suppliers DO NOT have a fund from which they pay switching site commissions this is usually included in the price quoted by the site.

Be wary of sites claiming that it costs you nothing! Be aware that Ofgem' s Confidence Code ONLY applies to a site’s domestic services NOT to its business services

USING A Tpi (Broker/Consultant)

Always ask, "Where do you get your income from?" "What do you actually do for me?"

Always ask, when Tpis advertise their services as being "free", "Which services are free?"

Beware the all-encompassing clause which may read something like "(The Broker/Consultants name) may deal solely with the supplier in all matters relating to the purchase of gas and/or electricity………" This, in effect, could prohibit the customer speaking to their supplier or any other third party

Always ensure that you know who your supplier is for gas and electricity.

Always ensure that all the elements of a supplier's bill are on the quotation and that you have agreed to any others that may appear. Always read your meters at the end of each month. Even if you do nothing with these readings, if anything goes wrong they are invaluable to back up any complaint.

Always ask if the price is fixed or if you will be subjected to pass through charges and if so what these are likely to be

Always ask the Tpi (broker/consultant) or telesales person you are talking to if they are signed up to a code of practice and Independent Redress Scheme. The only one that covers Tpis in their business with ALL suppliers and ALL processes as at April 2015 is the Premier UIA Code of Practice.

UIA Approved are signed up to a Code of Practice incorporating an independent Redress Scheme and can be easily identified by the above logo