UIA - Utilities Intermediaries Association


Code of Practice






The authors have asserted their moral rights in accordance with the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reprinted, reproduced, utilised or transmitted in any form or by electronic, mechanical or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording or stored in any retrieval system of any nature without the prior written permission of the UIA Board of Directors.


The Utilities Intermediaries Association (UIA) would like to thank the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) and their Director of Codes for the guidance and input provided in the updating of the Association’s Code of Practice.

The Board would further like to acknowledge the efforts of the UIA Council Members; both past and present, in the drafting of the original and revised document, together with all those industry stakeholders outside of the organisation who have in any way contributed.




Section 1Preliminaries
1.1 Introduction
Section 2Aims of the Code of Practice
Section 3Ethics
Section 4Responsibilities when handling Data and information obtained
Section 5 Integrity
Section 6 Contract or Agreement arrangements
Section 7Communication and relationships with Clients
Section 8 Criminal Acts
Section 9 Requirements of Membership
Appendix C 1Complaint Rules
Appendix C 2 The Disciplinary Process
Appendix C 3 Potential results of Disciplinary action
Appendix C 4The Appeals process



Section 1


1.1 Introduction
The Utilities Intermediaries Association (UIA) is a company limited by guarantee and a not for profit organisation set up to further the standard, status and credibility of the Brokerage and Consultancy organisations within the energy industry, and, where appropriate, individuals and Third party intermediaries (Tpis). Full Membership of the UIA can only be gained by agreeing to adhere to the Articles of Association and to this Code of Practice.
1.2 Administration of the Code of Practice
  1. a) The Code of Practice will be administered and reviewed from time to time by the Council of the UIA and amendments made to ensure the Code reflects the scope of membership, current industry practice, expectations and structure.
  2. b) Stakeholders, (which will include UIA members, Brokers, suppliers and consumers) will be consulted in regard to any major changes to this Code

Section 2

Aims of the Code of Practice

2.1The Aims of the Code of Practice are to set high standards and provide an operating framework to which every Tpi can comply, thus improving the customer experience and contributing to the objectives of the UIA.
2.2Full members of the UIA must adhere to this Code of Practice
2.3Signatories to the Code must ensure that all their staff are provided with a copy of the Code and trained in its operation and its legal responsibilities

Section 3


3.1 While much is written regarding what constitutes ethics it is not for this Code of Practice to define ethics as demonstrated in the energy market. However, there follows a list, by no means exhaustive, of examples of unacceptable behaviour to the UIA:
  • A signatory may not make any form of representation which deceives the trader to whom it is addressed and is intended to affect their economic behaviour. (ref Business Protection from Misleading Advertising Regulations 2008)
  • Particular care should be applied to the content of signatory’s web sites and the UIA will monitor signatory’s web sites on an ongoing basis.
  • A signatory may not refuse to declare the source of any remuneration
  • A signatory may not distort the numbers of offers they have sought from
  • suppliers or the numbers of offers received.
  • A signatory must operate a policy of truthfulness at all times.
  • A member of the UIA will not prevent a client from speaking to their supplier.
  • A signatory may not receive or offer unauthorised or undeclared payments in return for unauthorised or undeclared favours.
  1. Similarly customers who wish to use the services of members of the UIA must expect these standards to be maintained and will be expected to act in a reciprocal manner.
  2. No signatory will misleadingly use the UIA logo in breach of the terms of any licence agreement entered into between UIA and the member. In addition it must not assist, encourage or in any other way provide any person, company or firm not in membership of the UIA with the opportunity to represent itself as a member or as being associated with or connected to the member or UIA in any way that is likely to mislead any person by the use of the UIA logo.
  3. The Board will mediate between UIA members where necessary and no member will publicly denigrate a fellow member
Section 4

Responsibilities when handling Data and information obtained
4.1Signatories shall comply with the Data Protection Act 1998 ("DPA") and shall ensure they have in place an effective policy for protecting the privacy of their clients which shall be available to clients on request.
4.2 In accordance with the DPA Members shall ensure that:
  1. their collection and use of personal information from clients is fair;
  2. they take responsibility for all personal information held and used and that appropriate security measures are in place to protect client information;
  3. a clear, prominent statement is available to clients before any information is collected explaining what type of information is required and as far as possible by whom. Where information may be passed to entities outside the countries of the EEA this should be made available to the client at the time of collection of the information;
  4. a clear prominent statement should be available to clients prior to the time that information is collected explaining whether information will be used, or passed to third parties for any purpose other than effecting the transaction (such as marketing). Any personal information which is not required to process the transaction shall be identified as optional;
  5. clients are given the right to opt out of future marketing approaches at the time of information collection;
  6. databases are kept up to date and that information is held only as long as is necessary for the purposes for which it was collected; and
  7. that clients are given access, on request, to information held about them, and that incorrect information is amended or deleted without delay. clients shall be clearly informed of their rights in this respect
4.3 Failure to comply with the above requirements, resulting in a complaint by a client of a signatory, will, be subject to the UIA’s disciplinary procedures.
4.4 If a signatory is prosecuted for breach of the DPA and such prosecution leads to a conviction, this will become the subject of the UIA’s disciplinary procedures.

Section 5

  1. a) During the normal course of business activity with a client either in a contractual relationship or not, confidential information about them is likely to be disclosed to the signatory
  2. b) If a signatory uses this information to gain an advantage for himself or create a disadvantage for a third party, the integrity of such signatory will be called into question and will; if it becomes the subject of a complaint to the UIA, be subject to the UIA’s disciplinary procedures.

Section 6

Contract or Agreement arrangements

While this section is headed Contract or Agreement there are several documents used by a Tpi which carry out the function of making clear what is to be delivered to the client. Therefore for the purposes of this section the term “Contract or Agreement” encompasses the documents used by a Tpi to set out to clients the overall terms and conditions of the working arrangements.
6.1 Creation of a Contract or Agreement

A Contract or Agreement document/s setting out what the signatory will do and what the client should expect is a basic principle required to be in place prior to application for Full Membership.
6.2 Content of the Contract or Agreement

The following clauses acknowledge that there are contracts/agreements between the several parties in the supply chain i.e. Supplier/client, signatory/Supplier, Agent/s, and signatory/client. This section deals primarily with the signatory/client relationship and also offers advice on other contractual relationships.

Before seeking prices from the market place a Third party intermediary should always obtain Letters of Authority from clients in order to act on their behalf.

A contract or agreement is clearly between the signatory and the client and will reflect the work that is the subject of payment. The style and content may be unique to the signatory and this Code of Practice does not seek to dictate to the signatory what should or should not be included.

Signatories who sign contracts with suppliers, on behalf of customers must ensure that they have the legal ability to do this and that the customer is fully aware that this is happening. The area of responsibility of consumer and Tpi must be stated within the agreement between Tpi and client.

The processes within Third Party Intermediary organisations are not the same and therefore the following list may or may not reflect all that is required in each circumstance. While this is not to be seen as an exhaustive list there are items that the UIA considers significant and therefore mandatory which are numbered below.

  1. The named parties.
  2. Both start date and the finish date if appropriate or clarity that it is an evergreen arrangement
  3. Any cancellation conditions as appropriate
  4. Any termination conditions as appropriate
  5. A signatory must indicate if he is working on behalf of a single supplier or sourcing prices from as many suppliers as possible.
  6. The factors used to reach a recommendation for the client. i.e. lowest offer
  7. The origin of all considerations i.e. rebates or fees
  8. The services that will be delivered
  9. How data will be managed and protected
  10. The process for raising contractual issues
  11. How complaints from either side will be handled
The following items should be considered for inclusion in a contract as appropriate.
  • What post contract service is included
  • How items of ethics and integrity will be handled
  • The process for closing the contract and any return / handover issues
  • Where the possibility that older or vulnerable customers are caught by any contract then provision for dealing appropriately must be in place.
  • Detail of the client’s energy usage and any planned changes.
  • The provision and timeliness of the payment of invoices relating to the contract or agreement with the client
  • What the process will be for the checking of invoices and payment terms
  • The arrangements for the payment of correctly rendered invoices on
  • behalf of clients (where applicable) and the agreed terms and conditions.
A signatory of the UIA code will not prevent a client from speaking to their supplier. A client should confirm to the signatory that he is doing so. Licence Condition 7A places responsibilities on suppliers and some of these will be “sub-contracted” to Tpis. A signatory must ensure that he passes any information to his client at the request of a supplier and failure to do so would be subject to the Disciplinary Procedure.
6.3Clarification of the origin of all fees earned

Signatories to this code must make clear to clients as part of the contract or agreement, the origins of any income or considerations gained
6.4Adherence to the Contract or Agreement

It is expected that the signatory will adhere to and fulfil the contract or agreement. If it becomes clear that this is proving difficult under one or more of the headings in 6.2 the signatory must communicate to the client any concerns or potential changes or failures to deliver for whatever reason.

Section 7

Communication and relationships with Clients

7.1 Maintaining communication with the Client during the contract period

  1. Professional management of a contract or agreement always requires the communication processes between signatory and client to be in good order. Signatories to the Code will always seek good communication processes with their client.
7.2 Relationship with Client staff

  1. During the course of business the contact and working relationships between employees of both the signatory and client must remain on a professional basis.

Section 8

Criminal Acts
  1. Signatories must comply with the law at all times. If signatories are concerned that they may be asked to carry out work that infringes the law, they should immediately seek legal advice. Special attention should be focused when giving advice that could breach the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000.
  2. If during an investigation of a complaint or other matter by the UIA there is concern that the law may have been breached then the UIA will inform the appropriate authority of their concerns.

All references to the law in this section and throughout this Code of Practice shall mean the laws of England and Wales

Section 9

Requirements of UIA Membership

Members must adhere to the Articles of Association appertaining to their level of membership.

A link must be created between the members web site and the UIA web site.

Appendix C 1

Complaint Rules

Signatories should inform clients of The Code of Practice and complaints procedure and direct them to copies of the documents.
C1.1 Complaint Criteria
  1. Any complaint, about an organisation that is not associated with the UIA, will be returned to the complainant with the advice that they should contact the organisation.
  2. Complaints against a signatory to the code will be dealt with by the Codes disciplinary procedures
  3. Complaints against an associate member will be dealt with by the Directors on an informal basis having regard to the Memorandum and Articles of Association.
C1.2 The preliminary activities of a complainant
  1. Complaints will be received from time to time and the UIA welcomes these as a constructive process, informing feedback and creating an opportunity to learn and reach even better standards of service to our clients
  2. Signatories must be proactive with their clients in ensuring any complaints, are directed in the first instance at their organisation in order that a timely and adequate resolution is achieved. The time in which to respond and where possible resolve a complaint should be within 15 working days of receipt. However if resolution is likely to take longer then the anticipated date for completion shall be notified to the client.
  3. Where a complainant takes their complaint to a third party i.e. a consumer advice centre (such as Consumer Focus or Consumer Direct), the signatory must have in place processes to adequately deal with the matter through that channel.
  4. Should a complaint be received by the UIA and it is unclear from the content that the signatory has had the opportunity to deal with the issues then the complainant will be advised to make contact with the signatory to resolve the issue
  5. Should a complaint be received by the UIA that indicates that unresolved complaints have been made to the signatory by the client then the UIA will contact the signatory and agree a course of action.
  6. Where no resolution can be agreed between the signatory and his client, the client may refer the complaint to the UIA to be dealt with by its Code of Practice Disciplinary Procedure.
C1.3 The provision of information and evidence

In the event of a circumstance referred to in C1.2 f occurring then the Board of the UIA will write to the complainant and the signatory asking for all relevant information. The signatory must provide all relevant information to the Board within 15 working days.
C1.4 The complaint handling process
  1. As outlined in C1.2 and C1.3 the UIA places great importance in Signatories dealing efficiently with complaints in order that they constitute an integral part of the signatories endeavours to provide a platinum customer service.

For clarity the following points set out the order of events in relation to the process. During the first three elements the UIA will carry out a monitoring and advisory role.

  1. Complaint made direct to signatory by client:
    • signatory resolves.
  2. Complaint received by the UIA direct from signatory's client where no previous contact had been made with signatory:
    • records brief detail & advises the client
    • contacts signatory & passes the complaint to the signatory for action.
  3. Complaint received by the UIA from signatory's client advising lack of resolution despite contact being previously made with signatory:
    • records detail and complaint is passed to signatory for action and completion within 15 working days
    • Signatory advises UIA of resolution or provides progress report within 15 working days
    • UIA records detail & a further 15 working days only will be given to the signatory by the UIA to resolve
    • Signatory advises UIA of resolution
  4. Should the signatory and the client be unable to resolve the issue at this point the Directors in consultation with the Council will offer reconciliation and mediation to the parties.
  5. During the first three elements the UIA will carry out a monitoring and advisory role.

  6. Failure to resolve a complaint having reached 4 above if in the opinion of the Board of UIA, it is decided that such failure constitutes misconduct, it will be referred to the UIA’s disciplinary procedures.

Appendix C 2

The Disciplinary Process
C2.1 Background
  1. As already stated complaints will be received from time to time and the UIA welcomes these as a constructive process informing feedback and creating an opportunity to learn and reach even better standards of service to our clients
  2. The disciplinary process has to be robust, workable and seen to be in operation at all the right occasions in order that the continued credibility of the UIA and its aims and objectives can be upheld under scrutiny.
  3. Above all, in order to ensure compliance with the Human Rights Act 1998 it must be independent of UIA membership, active brokers, and suppliers and represent as many appropriate interests as possible.
C2.2 The Disciplinary Procedures
  1. The signatory against whom the allegation has been made shall provide, at the request of the Board, such further information or documents as may be required within such time period as may be specified
  2. The case against the signatory will be set out in writing and sent to the registered contact at the Signatories registered contact address.
  3. If, after a preliminary investigation by a Board appointed representative, the facts alleged against the signatory appear to constitute an infringement of this Code of Practice, the matter shall be submitted to the disciplinary committee in accordance with clause 2.2 below.
  4. The disciplinary committee will be convened as necessary with at least 30 days notice in order that information can be collated and shared and appropriate preparation made.
C2.3 Disciplinary Committee
  1. The Board will compose a list of people, experienced and knowledgeable of the energy industry who are prepared to commit to this work and from which the signatory may select three adjudicators.
  2. The Chairman of the committee will be elected from these three.
  3. The signatory shall be given at least 14 days notice in writing of the time and place of the hearing of the complaint.
  4. The Board appointed representative will put to the committee the case for the UIA.
  5. Both the UIA and the signatory shall be entitled to make representations at the hearing either personally (with or without legal representation) or in writing. The hearing shall follow standard legal process i.e. examination in chief, cross examination, re-examination and witnesses shall be permitted.
  6. Adjournments will be granted by the Chairman as appropriate, the length of which will be determined by the committee on the day. The determination of the disciplinary committee will be announced at the end of the hearing.
  7. The determination of the Committee will be provided in writing with the reasons for the decision.
  8. If required a Director of the UIA will provide information and support to the hearing however the Directors will not stand on the committee.
  9. In the event of an issue involving the operation of and the conducting of Tpi activity a member of the Council may be asked to provide technical help and support to the disciplinary committee.
  10. Where the committee finds in favour of the complainant the signatory will be required to meet the committee’s costs to a ceiling of £1500 in addition to any Penalty
Appendix C 3

C3.1 Potential outcomes of Disciplinary action
  1. a) While it is not appropriate to produce a tariff of penalties for misconduct it is important to give guidance as to the penalty which those who are the subject of complaint and subsequent disciplinary action may receive.
  2. b) The following list provides an indication of the penalties the disciplinary committee may impose but does not inhibit the ability of the disciplinary committee to devise a resolution appropriate to the circumstances:
    • Immediate removal from membership with no return of fees with the UIAweb site updated accordingly to record the removal of the member as a member of UIA.
    • Suspension from Full Membership for a period of time with the web site updated accordingly to record the suspension.
    • Written reprimand from the UIA with recommendations / suggestions on
    • how to prevent reoccurrence
    • A written apology to the complainant by the member
    • A payment to be made to the client by way of recompense for the impact of the reason for the complaint. (This would not be a compensation calculation)
    • Advice to be given or a mandatory period of training to be taken
    • The return of all or part of the fees to the client?
    • A fine by way of an increase in the level of annual fees payable to the UIA for the following year/s
  3. The implementation of the decision of the disciplinary committee will not be actionable until the expiry of 15 working days from the date of the hearing. This is in order that any appeal may be lodged (see appendix C4). In the event of an appeal being received in this time scale the action will be suspended until the appeals panel have made their determination.
  4. Appeals made outside this time scale will not be considered.

Failure to comply with the outcome of the disciplinary hearing will lead to expulsion. Should this occur then any financial penalties or debts will be pursued by any way possible.

Appendix C 4

C4.1 The Appeals process
  1. If, following the disciplinary committee's decision, the member wishes to lodge an appeal, the member will have 14 working days from the date of the written notification, i.e. from the day on which the hearing took place, in which to lodge an appeal. The member's appeal must be made in writing and must contain all reasons that the member wishes to put before the appeals panel. No additional information from that which was produced for the original disciplinary hearing will be allowed unless by prior consent of the original disciplinary committee.
  2. The appeal will be held within 28 days of the expiry of the 14 working day appeals period.
  3. A panel consisting of different persons to those forming the disciplinary committee, will be formed to hear the appeal. This panel will hear the information and review the original decision and either uphold, amend or cancel the decision of the disciplinary committee.
  4. If the appeals panel finds against the appellant then, in addition to any penalty, the member will meet the appeal panel's costs to a ceiling of £1500.
The decision of the appeals panel shall be final